The proposed rules would amount to a first-of-its-kind policy, setting strict limits to the ways in which companies and governments can employ AI in law enforcement and court systems, hiring devisions, bank lending and school enrolment selections, among others.
The 108-page policy would also outlaw some uses of AI altogether, including live facial recognition in public spaces, with some exemptions for national security.
“On artificial intelligence, trust is a must, not a nice-to-have,” said Margrethe Vestager, the European Commission executive vice president. “With these landmark rules, the E.U. is spearheading the development of new global norms to make sure A.I. can be trusted.”
Under the policy, companies that violate the rules could be fined up to 6 per cent of their global sales.